Flooring Information

If you have a cement floor, you might want to think about adding a floating subfloor before the top covering. Cement can keep the floors cold because it does not retain heat. Plywood, or OSB board, does make a great subfloor over cement. Here are a few tips to help you install your floating subfloor.

Keep Cement Clean beore Laying Plywood Subfloor

If there is any type of dirt, debris, screws, nails, or even a liquid, it can cause major damage to the plywood subfloor. Make sure you thoroughly clean the cement floor before you attempt to add a subfloor.

Acclimate the Wood Before Installation

There is always a period of time when the wood needs to acclimate itself to the room it is going to be installed in before the actual installation. Some wood require more time than others, but letting the plywood sit in the room for at least 24 hours will keep it from shrinking and expanding enough to ruin your floor.

Check Moisture in Cement

Cement does retain some moisture for a long period of time. Check the moisture levels in the concrete before laying the floating subfloor. You many have to use a water barrier.

Lay Floating Subfloor

As you lay down the 1/2 inch plywood, or OSB, keep 1/8 inch of space between each sheet.




Installing floor insulation will save you money on heating and cooling costs. If you live in an older home and notice that the floors are usually cold, then that cold air is radiating into the room. Your heating costs will be much higher during the colder seasons. When you install floor insulation it will protect your floor from moisture, and keep the cold air from reaching the floor.

Installation of floor insulation is a very straightforward process. If the house is a new construction, or you are adding an addition, it is easily done before the subfloor goes down. If you live in an older home, then the process is a little trickier, but still easy to do.

Materials Needed

  • Insulation
  • Stapler
  • Utility Knife
  • Measuring Tape
  • Metal Insulation Brackets
  • Vapor Barrier
  • Gloves
  • Face Mask

Step One – Measure Floor
With your tape measure, determine how much floor insulation you will need. Measure the width and length of the room and multiply them together to give you the square footage of the room. Take this with you when you order the insulation. You will also want to determine the R-factor of the insulation. The R-factor is the amount of insulation your home has. The higher the number, the more efficient it is. Insulation is also sold in rolled batts. If you know how many square feet you need, then you can simply purchase the appropriate number of rolls.

Step Two – Install Insulation – New Construction
There are two ways to install the floor insulation. If you are in a new home that does not have any flooring down yet, you can lay the insulation in between the exposed joists. Starting at one end of the room, work your way to the other corner. Fold out the paper flaps along the side of the insulation and staple it to the joist. Staple the insulation every six inches or so. Lay down the water barrier over the insulation and staple to the joists.

Step Three – Install Insulation – Basement
In an older home the process is basically the same, but you will have to insulate below the floor in the basement or crawl space. Again, start in the corner of the room and unroll the insulation. You will have to life up the insulation in between the joists and staple. Place metal supports on the joists to help hold the insulation up. Continue until you have completed the entire floor.

If you are remodeling your room in the near future, it would be better to wait until you tear up the floor to add the floor insulation. Once you get to the subfloor, pry it up to expose the joists and lay the insulation as you would in the first example. Reinstall the subfloor over the vapor barrier and finish with your floor remodel. Now when you walk out onto the floor in the dead of winter your feet will be warmer because of the floor insulation.



Homeowners who enjoy travertine tile often find themselves deciding between tumbled travertine tile and honed travertine tile. Below, you will find usable comparisons between these two tiles.

Travertine Finish
In honed travertine tile, holes in the stone from which this tile is cut are filled with epoxy resin. Then the stone is given a flat finish by honing it. This process leaves the honed travertine tile with edges that are even. By contrast, these holes are left unfilled in tumbled travertine tile. Tumbled tile surfaces remain unpolished. The holes are left intact, giving the tumbled tile a more natural and rustic appearance.

Strength and Durability
Limestone, from which travertine tile is formed, is a naturally soft stone. With pockets and holes that are created from gas bubbles when the limestone is still in a molten state, this stone is left in a more weakened and vulnerable condition. When these holes are filled with epoxy resin, as done by the factory, the tile is strengthened. Tumbled travertine, with holes left unfilled, remains more vulnerable to breakage. This vulnerability in tumbled travertine can be reduced by filling the holes and cavities with grout during installation. In addition to strengthening the tile, this filling with grout also prevents the build up of debris in the stone when it is used as a decorative tile.



Being aware of the different types of rubber flooring available on the market can be useful, allowing you to make an informed decision for your home. Bear in mind the benefits of this type of flooring and what it can bring to your home.

Where you are selecting flooring to fit in your bathroom, you may want to consider a textured variety. This type of flooring is beneficial for wet environments to prevent the accidents that arise from slipping. They are available in different colors and styles, such as dots or waves raised from or embedded into the surface, which can enhance the décor of your bathroom. Using this type of flooring in the kitchen over tile or slate can help to prevent breakages in the event of crockery or glassware being dropped.

Where you are fitting the flooring yourself, you may find the task easier with the use of tiles. These will often be backed with adhesive and of a size that makes them easy to manipulate and fit together. This method will also reduce the amount of cutting to size that is required. Be aware that failing to fit these tiles properly can result in water seeping between the joins and damaging the surface of the sub-floor beneath.

Purchasing rubber flooring in the form of a single sheet is the most common way in which to obtain this type of flooring. After measuring the dimension of the floor, you can easily obtain the precise size that you require in whatever color and style that is suitable for your room. An increased level of comfort can be obtained with a brand of flooring that comprises a thick cushioning to absorb impact and reduce pressure to the joints as it is being walked on. When these are used with a design, you should be careful that you are capable of matching the design up during the installation process.

Plain rubber flooring that doesn’t comprise any texture can still be made slip-resistant by its surface being treated. This will give you the clean look of a solid sheet while not taking away the peace of mind you get from knowing that you and your family will be safe.

Special Finish
Rubber flooring can be obtained with a specific finish, which makes it a more suitable option if you are planning a wet room rather than a standard bathroom. This will also provide an effective barrier to prevent water leaking to the surface below and is a stable enough material to not sustain damage as a result of contact with water. It is also a convenient and hygienic option for a bathroom as it is easy to clean.

Faux Effect
Though you may like the look of wooden floorboards, this is not the most convenient or suitable option when it comes to the bathroom. Solve this problem by opting for rubber flooring which has a wood floor effect. You can also obtain slate and tile effect rubber. Other designs which comprise random flecks of color or patterns.



There are many different types and styles of floor coverings that can be added as part of your stairway. Floor coverings for your stairs not only add to the decor appeal of the room, but it also is an important consideration when you think about the durability and overall care you will need to take on based on your flooring selection. Many of the flooring types can be laid by any do-it-yourselfer. All you need are a few tools and the time to have a great set of stairs. Below are several options for you to consider.

Hardwood Flooring
A very elegant choice for your stairs is hardwood flooring. Hardwood can be laid on different angles. You can purchase different colors, styles and hardwood types for your stairways. Pick anything from dark hardwood to light hardwood. Use solid pine to an aesthetic teak or cherry wood. There are many different options and you will be sure to find something that fits your needs and tastes. Remember, hardwood is easy to clean and will stand the test of time. One word of caution: hardwood can be slippery to walk on with socks.

Carpet Runner
For any hardwood surface consider adding a carpet runner to your stairway. You can add the carpet runner to coordinate with the interior of your home. You can also pick from different types of materials for your carpet runner. A carpet runner is a great addition because it helps to create a slip resistant surface over your stairs.

You can choose to carpet the entire surface of your stairs. The carpet you choose can coordinate with other rooms in your home. You also have the option choosing from different types of carpeting.

Picking tile for your stairways gives the stairs a different look. Try using a slate tile. This adds a lot if you are covering exterior stairs or if you are covering a small set of stairs from the entry way. You can use different sizes of tile. Generally, anything under four inches squared would be the best type of tile to use for the stairways.

Laminate Flooring
There are different types of laminate flooring available. Laminate flooring can be purchased in different types. You can purchase laminate that looks like hardwood (you can even find one that looks like knotty pine) and you can buy rolled laminate that you would use in the kitchen. Laminate is a cheapest form of floor covering. It is easy to lay and easy to maintain. You can also replace the laminate for less cost than you can with other forms of floor coverings for your stairs.

Glass Tiles
Rather than picking a generic type of ceramic tile, try to use something a little different. Glass tiles give you a great deal of extra reflection in the room. They can be purchased in different types of colors and reflective capabilities. You can also lay glass tile to look like a mosaic pattern.



The installation of engineered flooring is a happy medium between solid hardwood and laminate. While hardwood can be tricky to install and has problems with moisture, laminate is a combination of wood chip and a chemically-infused paper product. Thus, it is obviously not wood. Engineered flooring, on the other hand, is wood. It consists of a thin layer of finish wood atop plywood. Although it is not solid hardwood, it is nonetheless wood. In fact, it has some advantages over hardwood. If you know you want real wood floors, compare hardwoods to engineered woods. In terms of price, installation, strength, look and water resistance, you may find engineered flooring to be the better choice.

Hardwood vs Engineered Floors
Hardwood floors are desirable for a number of reasons including the beauty of the wood grain, resale value and their ability to be refinished. However, hardwoods are in many ways at a disadvantage to engineered floors. Consider the facts.

Hardwoods cost more than engineered wood floors. While hardwoods must be milled from solid wood, engineered floors are made from a combination of plywood and a wood finish, meaning they are less expensive at the production level. Some woods are relatively scarce which makes them even more expensive. There is also the environmental price associated with hardwoods. Engineered wood floors are largely made from scrap and recycled wood products, making them the more sustainable choice.

Hardwood flooring installation requires a sub-floor on which to nail the slats. Engineered woods can be nailed, glued or be installed as a floating floor. Hardwoods usually require an expert, for moisture problems can arise during the process. And while the top layer of engineered wood is pre-finished and sealed, most hardwoods come unfinished and must be sealed after installation. In addition, hardwoods cannot be installed in any room where moisture levels are high. By contrast, engineered wood floors are designed to withstand moisture and can be installed anywhere, although areas prone to flooding should be avoided.

Strength and Durability
Hardwood floors are strong. There is no question about that. Because engineered floors consist of plywood below the finish that is laid cross-ways to the grain of the finish, they are extra strong. Hardwoods can be refinished more than engineered woods, and assuming there are no moisture problems, they will last slightly longer. Given the other variables, though, including price, installation and strength, engineered wood floors have just as much upside.

While hardwoods come in many different species, each of which adorns your floors with a different grain and ambience, engineered wood floors are made to match all hardwood options. Whether you want hickory, oak, bamboo or maple floors, engineered woods offer you the same selection as hardwoods at a lower cost.

Engineered wood floors are a viable alternative for hardwoods, giving you the same benefits at a reduced price. Engineered woods are better than hardwoods in terms of versatility, installation and the ability to resist moisture. For purists, hardwoods will always be desired. Considering the benefits, engineered flooring is desirable in its own right.



Tiles are very common types of floor covering which are especially popular in the bathroom and kitchen, hiring tile installers can be a very costly business. Fitting tiles yourself isn’t actually a very complicated project and this can sometimes save you lots of money.

If you do want to hire a tire installer then you will need to consider a few important tips so that you can work out how much they are likely to charge.

The cost of hiring tile installers will vary depending on your requirements. If you want a whole wall tiled in the same color then this will often be much cheaper than if you want to create a mosaic design on one of the walls or floor. Think about exactly what you are trying to accomplish so that you will be able to get accurate quotes.

The type of tiles used will also significantly affect the cost of the project. Using ceramic tiles will typically be much cheaper than using marble tiles. Marble is a much more expensive material and the installers will typically want more to fit it too.

Shopping Around
No two tile installers will be the same and their prices will probably be different too. Look through the yellow pages or on the Internet to find some tile installers. You should be able to find out roughly how much they are charging to customers by reading reviews on the Internet.

Average Prices
The prices of tile installing can vary from between $6 to $20 per square foot for a basic bathroom tile installation. Whereas more specialty tiles including marble and granite tiles cost more.

If you already have tiles in your bathroom then these will first need to be removed. Most professional tile installers do not include removal in their budget. Unless you want them stuck over the top of your old tiles you might want to remove them yourself, or ask how much it will cost.

The prices can vary significantly which is why it’s so important to get a quote before starting the work.

Doing the Project Yourself
If you are a skilled DIYer then you will be able to save yourself quite a lot of money by completing the tile installation project yourself. You will only need to purchase some tools and materials. Ceramic tiles are affordable and the only other supplies you really need are adhesive and grout.

When buying ceramic tiles make sure that you buy the same batch number where possible. Also buy too many rather than risking buying too few. This will ensure that the colors all match and that the tiles don’t look strange together.

You will also need a tile cutter and glue spreader. If you are doing this project yourself make sure that any flooring tiles are secured level against the floor. If they are not fully supported then this can cause them to crack when they rock and move. Also ensure that you are purchasing floor tiles when completing flooring projects.