Tile & Grout Cleaning and Sealing

A joist is a horizontal support member that holds up the wall, beam, ceilings and floors and connects these parts with one another, and one example of the purpose of a joist is to connect the floor joist that is used to connect the stairs of a home. A joist is made from wood, concrete and steel and it is basically a strong material that provides support and stability to the entire house. However, cutting joists to create access to another room is difficult due to the fact that the entire structure can collapse if not carried out properly. Due to the complexity of this material, floor joists are usually installed by specialists. But hiring a specialist to install floor joists can be expensive. Anyone can do it provided that they know the steps in installing floor joist for stairs. Here are some of the tips on DIY installation of floor joist to stairs.

What You’ll Need:

  • Hand saw
  • Meter stick or carpenters ruler
  • Pencil or marker
  • Nails or nail set
  • Hammer (optional if nail set is present)
  • Assistant
  • Joist or pre cut wood
  • Ladder
  • Working gloves
  • Goggles

Step 1 – Wear your Safety Gear
Since this particular task requires a lot of cutting, the most crucial thing to do is to wear your safety gear. This is important so that you will be protected at all times especially from the blades of the electric saw and wooden debris while you are cutting through the floor joist.

Step 2 – Measure the Width of the Stairs
Most probably, you will be cutting the floor joist on the upper floors of your house to connect the stairs. Thus for this particular task, use a sturdy ladder when making the measurement. Using a meter stick or a carpenter’s ruler, measure the dimension of the entryway of your stairs. Use the marker or the pencil to trace the points where you will be cutting the floor joist.

Step 3 – Use a Hand Saw or Electric Saw to Cut Through the Floor Joist
Use a hand saw to cut through the floor joist. Work with steady hands so that you will be able to cut the floor joist properly. In this particular process, you can ask a family member to hold the ladder while you are cutting the floor joist.

Step 4 – Reinforce the Cut Joist by a Modified Joist
Use a precut wood to create a modified joist where you have just cut using the electric saw. To hold the modified joist in place, use a nail set or hammer a nail through the edges of the modified joist to keep the entire structure stable. Ask any of your family members who are willing to assist to hold the other end of the joist while you drive a nail on the opposite end to keep the joist firmly in place. Check if the modified floor joists are held securely before you start building the stairs to connect the lower level of your home to the upper level.




You may need to reinforce your floor joists if you have saggy floors in your house. Floor joists will help to bring up walls that seem to be falling in. Floor joists can be found under the house, for example, in the crawl space. They can even be found in the basements of homes. Either way, they are put in to lend support to weakening walls and floors. When is it time to replace them or install them? Installing a floor joist can be a big job. You should have some friends come by to lend a hand. If this is your first time installing a floor joist, here are a few steps to help get you going in the right direction.

Step 1- Gain Access
You must first gain access to the floor joists. Depending on which floor is sagging, you may need to take out a ceiling to gain access to that flooring or you may have to go to the basement or crawl space to gain access for those particular floors. If you have a false ceiling you may have to remove a few tiles to gain access to the joist.

Step 2 – Assess the Damage
Next, you need to take a look at the damaged area and figure out where the problem is and how you will be fixing it. When you look at the flooring, check to see where the worst problem areas are and which joists are sagging the most. If the joist itself is rotting, that could be another problem all its own. This could mean replacing more than a partial joist. If you do happened to find damaged joists, it would be a good idea to check to see if there is more damage so it is not an ongoing problem.

Step 3 – Measurements
The next thing that needs to be done is to measure the floor joists for the length, width and distance from each other. It might be a good idea to make a drawing of the floor joist as a reference. Be sure to jot down your measurements and mark it on the diagram so you have a good record of where they go.

Step 4 – Reinforce the Floors
You will have to use a very sturdy piece of wood or some steel plating to reinforce the floor joists. Now it is time to use some wood and screw it into place on the original joist as well as the cross beam. A steel plate can be used the same way.

Now that you know how to install a floor joist, you can protect your home from those sagging floors and walls. Knowing where to install the new joist is very critical to making the other joist strong enough to withstand the sagging. Taking care of them as soon as you realize there is a problem can save you a lot of money in the long run.

It’s worth noting that I don’t just cover Tile, Stone and Grout, the equipment I use works equally well cleaning all types of hard floors including Patios, Vinyl and industrial flooring. An example of this being a request to clean the floors at an office farm near Saffron Walden which is a lovely medieval market town north of Stansted Airport.

Inspecting Farm Office Flooring

It was an incredibly muddy area with lots of tractors and lorries in the yard and poor drainage. As you can imagine all that mud and dirt was regularly being walked into the office and they were struggling to keep it clean. The main issue was that the floor was covered in a specialist textured surface which increases grip and significantly reduces the chance of anyone slipping.

Farm Office Safety Flooring Before Cleaning Saffron Walden Farm Office Safety Flooring Before Cleaning Saffron Walden

Manufactured by a company called Altro this product is known as “Safety Flooring” and given then environment I’m sure it was well specified. The downside of a textured surface however is that it traps dirt and once trapped it can be difficult to shift with conventional cleaning methods and equipment.

Farm Office Safety Flooring Before Cleaning Saffron Walden Farm Office Safety Flooring Before Cleaning Saffron Walden

Deep Cleaning an Altro Safety Floor

The first thing we did was to break out a set of brushes and vacuums in an effort to remove as much dry soil as possible. Once this was done the floor was wetted with a medium dilution of Tile doctor Pro-clean, this product is a great degreaser and after a short time the soil started to lift out of the non-slip textured surface.

After a dwell time of about ten minutes the Pro-Clean was worked into the floor with a black scrubbing pad fitted to a rotary buffer machine. The machine was run evenly over the floor at a slow speed to reduce splashing. The cleaning solution had turned black at this stage with all the dirt that was being released from the flooring. Once this had been carried out we rinsed the entire floor using our truck mounted cleaning system which is a very efficient machine that applies clean water under pressure to rinse the floor whilst simultaneously extracting the soil back to a recovery tank on the vehicle.

Farm Office Safety Flooring After Cleaning Saffron Walden Farm Office Safety Flooring After Cleaning Saffron Walden

The truck mounted system utilises a powerful vacuum to extracts a lot of the moisture from the floor but to ensure the floor was completely dry we left drying equipment in place to ensure a quick turn-around for the company.

Farm Office Safety Flooring After Cleaning Saffron Walden Farm Office Safety Flooring After Cleaning Saffron Walden

Source: Safety Floor Cleaning Service in North Essex

Are your floor joists in danger from termites? If they are and the damage is very minimal, you may be able to do the repairs yourself. You can save yourself a lot of money by doing the work yourself. Making repairs like this is quite a job. There won’t be much in the way of supplies that you would need. Time will be the biggest factor here. If this is your first attempt at repairing a floor joist with termite damage, you might consider having a friend who knows how to do work like this to come lend you a hand. There are some steps to follow that will hopefully get you going in the right direction.

What You’ll Need:

  • A couple of 2-by-4 wooden floor joists
  • A hammer
  • Plenty of Nails

Step 1 – Preparation
You will need to look for the damaged area that will need to be repaired. Once you find it, remove any of the top floorboards above the damaged area to look at the subfloor. Then you must attempt the repairs from the crawl space or basement so that you can save the interior flooring. You will also need to be able to see the damaged area well enough from underneath it to be able to fix it properly.

Step 2 – Disconnect Utilities
You will now need to disconnect your utilities temporarily because you could run into some wires near the damaged area. If they are live wires, you could get electrocuted. Be sure to clear all the wires away from the area if there are any.

Step 3 – Placing the New 2-by-4
Now that you have the utilities cut off, you can set the new 2-by-4. Place it as close to the termite damaged one as possible. You need to secure it by nailing it to the crossbeam on the base of the floor. This will help to provide the structural support needed for the damaged beam. Then you can remove the damaged portion and replace it with a good sturdy wooden beam.

Extra Tip

  • Removing termite infested lumber from your floor without replacing any kind of support: you might do some significant damage to the foundation and put yourself as well as others in harm’s way. If you don’t know what to do or you are unsure, seek the help of a professional.
  • Now that you have learned how to replace a termite infested floor joist, you can see that it is not an easy job. One way to be sure that you can prevent this kind of a situation is to have your home termite treated. A once a year inspection can save you from having to tear up your floors to repair damage that could have been prevented. Should you ever have to tackle a job like this, Ask for help and play it safe? It might also be a good idea to get the opinion and advice from a professional. They will be able to give you the best advice possible.


Floors that become dried out can begin to squeak. The dried flooring can force the nails in the subfloor to loosen and pop out. The subfloor and the floor joist could then begin to separate and squeak whenever someone walks on the flooring. Carpeted floors that squeak require special help to fix the irritating sounds. Be sure to be careful as you work so as not to damage any of the wood below the carpet.

What You’ll Need:

  • Rubber mallet
  • Masking tape
  • Drill
  • Carpet repair kit

Step 1 – Locate the Squeaky Areas
Slowly walk over the flooring until you are locate the areas where the squeaking sounds occur. If possible, have someone help you to make the job easier.

Step 2 – Mark the Squeaky Areas
Tear off strips of the masking tape. Use the strips of tape to mark off the squeaky floor areas that you have found.

Step 3 – Locate the Floor Joist
Use the rubber mallet to tap the floor in the areas you have marked with the tape. As you tap the floor, listen for a dull sound. This will indicate the location of the floor joist.

Step 4 – Drill a Test Hole in the Floor
Use the drill to make a hole in the location of the floor joist. You will know whether you have located the joist by the movement of the drill bit. If the bit slides through the floor, you have not found the joist. If it gets stuck within the flooring, you have found the joist. You will need to continue until you are able to find the floor joist on both sides of the squeaky floor area. Most floor joists are installed sixteen inches apart.

Step 5 – Insert the Depth Control Device
The carpet repair kit should contain a depth control device and the necessary snap off screws. Insert the device into the carpet in the location of the floor joist near the squeaky floor area.

Step 6 – Insert the Drive Screw
Insert the screw into the depth control device. Push the screw until the stop guard is reached. Secure the screw through the device with your screwdriver. When you have reached the stop guard, the screw will be visible about the carpet.

Step 7 – Remove the Depth Control Device
Take the depth control device out of the floor. Slide the slotted edge of the device over the screw. Turn the device onto its side and then slide the slotted end of it over the screw.

Step 8 – Remove the Screw Head
Snap the depth control device toward the floor, breaking the head off of the screw. Snap the device again toward the floor. This will force the screw under the carpet.

Step 9 – Finish the Screw Installation
Continue forcing the screws, one foot apart, into the floor joists on both sides of the squeaky floor areas. You will need to continue to work about two feet beyond each of squeaky areas.

No one likes to jump onto a floor that squeaks. This can be an annoying problem that will take some time and patience to fix. Squeaky laminate floors simply mean that part of the floor is not firmly secured. When weight is put upon the floorboards, they simply move against each other. If you wish to fix this problem, here is what you need to do:

What You’ll Need:

  • Screw Driver Bit
  • Power Drill
  • Chalk/Tape
  • Galvanized Wood Screws
  • Wax Putty
  • Plastic Knife

Step One – Location Of The Squeaks
You must first begin by locating the exact points where the squeaking is coming from. Walk slowly over the floors of your home, and listen for the squeaking sound. Take the chalk, and mark the spots where the squeaking is coming from. You may also use dark tape to do this step. You may have to walk the entire house, but if you are determined to stop the squeaks, this step must be done. Be sure that the chalk is easy to be removed, once you have fixed the squeak in each spot.

Step Two – Drilling Holes Into The Problem Floor
Using your power drill, you will need to drill holes at each point where there is a chalk or tape mark. Avoid drilling on any marks on the seam between two floorboards. Instead, you will drill on the side of the spot that is marked. Be sure to do this process on all of the marks on the floor. After this, place the screw driver bit in your drill. Take the wood screws and drive them into every hole. Make sure that the wood screws are driven straight down, and their heads are slightly below the surface of the wood. This is a very important step, and it must be done properly. You don’t want to take this step for granted, since it will be even more time consuming to repeat this. You are almost done at this point, and you will notice a slight improvement in the sound of your floor. After this is done, put away your power drill and the rest of your wood screws. You have almost completed the task.

Step Three – Bonding The Squeak That Haunts Your Floor
When you are done with everything else, take your plastic knife, and scoop up a little putty with it. Take the knife and press the putty into every hole. Be sure to do this process throughout the house where there was a problem. Make sure that the putty has a very tight grip, and that there is a little mound of putty over every hole. After this, use the flat front edge of the knife to cut off the mound, making the putty flat. Finally, you will buff the putty with a cotton cloth to remove the excess. In a matter of time, you will no longer have a squeaky floor that is causing your house stress.

Keep your plywood subfloor healthy by taking care of little problems before they become big problems.

Squeaks and Creaks

You can often fix squeaks and creaks from underneath the subfloor, without having to pull up carpeting or hardwood floors. While you’re below, have someone step on the squeaky area. You’ll probably see that there’s a small gap. Use a shim to fill it, then use a long woodscrew to anchor the layers of wood together. If the squeak occurs between joists, cross bracing will help eliminate the noise.

Stains and Odors

Pets and wall-to-wall carpeting are not always the best combination. If you notice that an ammonia smell remains even after you’ve shampooed the carpet, chances are that the subfloor has been soaked with urine. You can pull back the carpet and scrub small areas with household cleanser. Avoid bleach or lime, as both give off dangerous fumes. For larger areas, you’ll need to plane or sand the wood to actually remove the stained material. When you’ve neutralized the odor and the affected area is dry, seal with two coats of polyurethane or a primer/sealer such as Kilz. Allow to dry and cure for several days before replacing the carpet.